Diseases And Care of Pigs - AGRIC GIST

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Sunday, 20 May 2018

> Diseases And Care of Pigs

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Pigs are animals that are always exposed to diseases due to the dirty nature of their life, so they need to be controlled, managed and take care of; in other to reduce mortality rate among them.


They following are diseases of pigs;

Worms:  these are parasites that live in the body system of pigs, some are beneficial while some are harmful.
Treatment:  Deworm with albiomec

Low milk production (agalactia): this occurs in sows.
Treatment: administer oxytocin to sow immediately after birth.

Menge: this is one major diseases of pigs. It is an external parasite.
Symptoms;

Rashes, itching on skin, loss of hair, scars on eyes, ears, skin.
Treatment:  Administer butox, ivermectine.

Note: Deworming of adult pigs must be on regular basis, while weaners should be dewormed before 2weeks of weaning.

Collibacillosis: this is a bacteria infection. It affect the excretory system of pigs.
Symptoms: white and yellow feaces.
Treatment: administer antibiotics

African Swine Fever: this is a viral disease that is well known to pigs in Africa
Symptoms: scars on animal body with purple red colour.

Diarrhea with purple appearance
Loss of appetite
Death occurs with bleeding from ear,nose,mouth and anus.

Malnutrition: also known as anemia
Treatment: administer iron

Diseases Of Lactating Sows

Mastitis: inflammation of the mammary gland, which could lead to lack of milk.
Treatment: administer antibiotics

Metritis: inflammation of uterus
Symptoms: mucous secretion from vulva at 1-3 days after farrowing. Which become foul as days days.
Cure: antibiotics after farrowing

Note: MMA syndrome is what they are called.

Lameness:  This is caused by overweight or lack of calcium

Footrot: this disease affect the footof pigs
Treatment: administer gentermacine or procaine or termadox LA

Cough: administer stremacine or procaine

Others
* Moringa can act as antibiotics
* Weaners  are injected with sulfadine to cure enteritis.
* Injuries in pigs caused through fighting can be treated with           reptimycen.
* Administer dexarel  in feed  to help pigs eat well.
* For running stomach  used bitter leaf and leucina.
* Weaning sows should be give remacycline.

General Care Of Piglets And Sows
* During birth sow should be provided with enough food to avoid       cannibalism.
* Oxytocin should be injected to sow immediately after birth to aid     breast milk production (it also help sow for placenta to come out).
* After 3 days of birth inject sow with multivitamin for body               rejunvination.
* Serve iron 100 and multivitamins to piglets after 3 days of birth       through injection (1ml dosage) to avoid early stage diseases.
* Red leaf act as blood meal during pregnancy in pigs .
* Check sows for more teats for piglets.
* Pregnant sow requires 2.4kg of feed per day and also depends on     size of sow.
* Feed minimal on the first day after farrowing  to avoid over             production of milk causing piglets diarrhea.
* Provide creep feed after 3weeks of age.
* Heat lamps should be provided for piglets on cold weather               conditions.
* Ensure that piglet suckle breast immediately after birth to enable     them get colostrums.
* Castrate piglets between 2-3weeks of age.
* To achieve 2-3litters in sows per year, Piglets should be weaned       6-8weeks of age, which should be complimented with improved       feeding and management.

Care Of Weaners And Growers
* Weaned pigs should be feed with high protein feeds to replace         sow’s milk especially during early stages of weaning.
* Deworm weaners 2weeks after weaning repeat every2-3months.
* At growers stage, separate the males and females when they             attain about 30kg to avoid inbreeding and cannibalism.
* Select gilts and boars for breeding and channel others to                   fattening for the market.
* Runtism (stunted growth) should be well observed.
* Housing of small number of pigs to improve feed efficiency and       growth.
* Pigs should be be feed twice a day (morning and night).
* Breeding should be done at 7-8months of age to avoid small size     of litter.
* Sows should be breed at first heat 2weeks after weaning.
* Boars attain sexual maturity at 5-6months of age.
* Keep boars near sow’s pen to increase boars sexual alertness.

Care Of Diseased Pigs
* Isolate sick pigs and contact a veterinary doctor.
* Maintain sanitary measures.
* Ensure regular vaccination.
* Ensure new stocks are quarantined.
* Regulate visitors entry
* Ensure footbath and hand wash.
* Routine deworming.
* Bury dead pigs.
* Fumigate regularly.

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