Another reason why pigs are being castrated is to eliminate aggression. Uncastrated male pigs, called boars, are known for aggression. Boars will bite, shove and jump on other pigs. Boars can also be hard for workers to handle, and boar aggression can be a risk to worker safety. Castrating a male pig will reduce these behaviors.
The main reason why most people castrate their pigs is to eliminate “boar taint” Some boars also produce “boar taint” or “off odours.” Boar taint does not affect food safety, but it does change how meat tastes and smells. Some describe it as“musk” or a smell similar to onions or manure. The USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service does not allow meat with a boar taint smell to enter the human food supply.
Boar taint is associated with the hormones produced naturally in uncastrated male pigs. Scientists think the odour evolves to attract female pigs. Castrated male pigs, called barrows, do not have testicles, so they cannot produce these sex hormones. The following are used in pig castration
• Antibiotics (oxytetracycline)
• Mentholated spirit
• Leaves of Moringa oleifera (water from the leaves is being used)
• Razor blade or any pure sharp cutting object
To castrate a pig is very easy, anybody can do that. In pig castration, the first thing you will have to consider is the age of the pigs. Pigs are castrated from 7 days after birth. The main advantage of carrying out early castration is to avoid difficulties in holding an older pig during castration. Another reason is for the pig to utilize its full sex hormones for maximum growth. But if you have pigs up to 4 months of age, castration can still be carried out. In the case of bigger pigs what you will now consider is how to hold the pigs. In the case of bigger pigs make sure it is being held tight by three or four people, so that the pig doesn’t hurt anyone, just like the image below.
posture of a bigger pig during castration
Let them hold the pigs as if they are trying to make the pig sit on the floor. First of all wash your hand and disinfect the razor with mentholated spirit. Then inject the pig with 5 mills of antibiotics (maybe ox-tetracycline injectable solution) with 2.5 mills on one side of the legs and 2.5 mills on the other side of the legs. Dip your hand into the mentholated spirit and gently rub it on the testis of the pig. Use your hand to tight-hold the testis i.e the testicle is pushed through the scrotal sac, and then use the razor to tear it. After you have done this, use your hand to bring out the two testes. While trying to bring it out, you will see the terminal duct, connected to the testis, and another terminal attached to it, (testicular cords) separate the terminal duct from the other terminal, use your hand to swipe through it towards the body of the pig as much as possible you can, then cut with a razor. The person doing the procedure is careful to break the testicular cords properly. Use the mentholated spirit to wash the resulting wound after which you squeeze out water from moringa and pour it inside the resulting wound. The application of moringa will heal the wound very fast.
Repeat the process for the numerous pigs you want to castrate.
Using mentholated spirit to wash the resulting wound
drawing out the testes and separating the testicular cords